U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2014. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release . Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page


Pehrsson, Pamela R
Research Leader
Beltsville MD 20705Mission:The mission of the Nutrient Data Laboratory is to provide leadership and to promote international cooperation in the development of authoritative nutrient databases and state of the art methods to acquire, evaluate, compile and disseminate composition data on foods available in the United States.

Suggested Citation: US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Nutrient Data Laboratory. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 28. Version Current: September 2015. Internet: http://www.ars.usda.gov/ba/bhnrc/ndl Disclaimers: Mention of trade names, commercial products, or companies in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the US Department of Agriculture over others not mentioned. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. Issued September 2015 ii The USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 28 was prepared by the following staff members of the Nutrient Data Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture: Co-Coordinators David B. Haytowitz and Jaspreet K.C. Ahuja Senior Scientists Jaspreet K.C. Ahuja David B. Haytowitz Pamela R. Pehrsson Janet M. Roseland Scientists Jacob Exler (Ret.) Mona Khan Melissa Nickle Quynhanh Nguyen Kris Patterson (Ret.) Bethany Showell Meena Somanchi Robin Thomas Denise Trainer Shirley Wasswa-Kintu Juhi Williams Research Leader Pamela R. Pehrsson IT Support Kim Klingenstein Cevon McLean Administrative Support Amanda Moran Jenny Jung


Acknowledgements: The authors gratefully acknowledge the constructive contributions of the peer reviewers: Rhonda Sebastian, Food Surveys Research Group, ARS-USDA; Wen Yen Juan, Food and Drug Administration; Lisa Harnack and staff, Nutrition Coordinating Center, University of Minnesota.